Hunt County Historical Commission

 

Hunt County History Timeline

 

1542
Hernando de Soto crossed the Sabine River near Greenville

1844
Central National Road built to connect Red River to present Dallas

Greenville:
April 29 - John Gillespie surveyed 640-acre tract that now includes Greenville

Jacobia:
Concord Baptist Church organized

1845
Dec. 29 - Texas admitted to the Union

1846
April 11 - Gov. James Pickney Henderson signs Act creating Hunt County, named for General Memucan Hunt
July 13, 1846 - Hunt County organized

1847
January 16 - Contract let for first Hunt County courthouse

Greenville:
January 15 - First auction of town lots
March 8 - First post office established, Samuel Hooker appointed Post Master

1848
April 1 - First "temporary" Hunt County Courthouse, a log building, completed

1850
January 24 - Hooker Ridge Post Office established
Harrell Camp Ground established

Caddo Mills:
Approximate founding of Clinton Cemetery 3.4 miles north

Commerce:
First services held at First Christian Church sometime in the 1850s

Greenville:
First school built, a one-room schoolhouse at site of present East Mount Cemetery
Wesley Methodist Church founded as The Methodist Church, South
March 22 - M. H. Wright deed to City of Greenville officially filed
November - According to the US Census, Greenville had a population of 50 with about 12 businesses

1852
Hunt County's first newspaper, "The Gladiator", started in Greenville

Greenville:
First tuition-based school established
February - 14 Greenville incorporated

Wolfe City:
First burial in Mt. Carmel Cemetery

1853
2nd Hunt County Courthouse built of planks

Commerce:
Cow Hill (forerunner of Commerce) founded by Josiah Hart Jackson

Lone Oak:
Approximate date of founding

1854
Commerce:
Josiah Hart Jackson's general store opened

Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Methodist Church organized

1857
Road built from Greenville to Jackson's store in Cow Hill

1858
Greenville:
First Baptist Church founded
March 31 - Fred Ende Odd Fellows Lodge organized
July 1 - First public well completed

Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Baptist church founded

1859
3rd Hunt County Courthouse, the first brick courthouse, completed

Greenville:
Ende-Gaillard House built

1860
Graham Point:
Graham Point Cemetery founded (approximate date)

1861
March 5 - Texas secession from the Union
June 8 - Send-off celebration held for Hunt County's first company of Confederate soldiers to leave for war, under Captain Marcus A. Cansler

1863
Commerce:
Stewart Cemetery established 2 miles south

Greenville:
Grace Presbyterian Church founded

1865
June 19 - Texas Emancipation Day

Greenville:
John Fuller built the first cotton gin, powered by horses
Clark Street Christian Church founded

1866-1871
Lee-Peacock Feud

1869
Commerce:
Lebanon Church built adjacent to cemetery in use from early 1860s

Greenville:
April 14 - Greenville Herald established, oldest existing business institution in the city
May 28 - City occupied by Union troops

Lone Oak:
November 17 - Post office established

1871
Fairlie:
Sonora Cemetery established

Greenville:
December 25 - First Community Christmas Tree - Judge T. D. Montrose played Santa - nearly all 500 citizens attended

Merit:
Merit Methodist organized

1872
Commerce:
William Jernigin's store opened

Greenville:
First public free school established

White Rock:
Pleasant View Baptist Church organized, moved to White Rock in 1901

1873
April 16 - Texas readmitted to the Union

Commerce:
Ashland post office opened at Cow Hill
William Jernigin deeded 1-acre school lot to county school superintendent

Wolfe City:
Wolfe's Mill founded

1874
Former Wesley Methodist Church becomes 4th Hunt County Courthouse after 1874 courthouse condemned as unsafe

Commerce:
Masonic Lodge founded

Greenville:
April 13 - City reincorporated after Reconstruction

1875
Greenville:
Streets named
St. Paul's Episcopal Church founded

1876
Commerce:
Odd Fellows Lodge organized

1878
Commerce:
Josiah Hart Jackson's store moved to Commerce from Cow Hill

Greenville:
Wesley Chapel CME Church founded

Wolfe City:
April 8 - Wolfe's Mill Post Office established

1879
Greenville:
Hunt County Bank established
Central Christian Church founded

Lone Oak:
Mt. Gilead Baptist Church organized

1880
Coal discovered in Hunt County

Commerce:
"Ashland" Post Office renamed "Commerce"
US Census shows 144 people

Greenville:
First brick hotel built by Fred Ende
Jelly Bean Band organized
First Presbyterian Church founded
October 1 - First Katy passenger train arrived in Greenville, Gen. Sam Bell Maxey, US Senator, spoke at celebration barbeque

Kingston:
Town organized as stop on MKT Railroad

White Rock:
White Rock Methodist Church organized

1881
Commerce:
Mt. Zion & Lebanon Church congregations merged to form Methodist Church

Greenville:
April 11 - Street signs to be erected on every street corner

Lone Oak:
Mineola Branch of Katy Railroad arrived

1882
Greenville:
The Greenville Banner newspaper established

Quinlan:
Town of Roberts founded as stop on Houston & Texas Central Railroad.

1883
5th Hunt County Courthouse completed

Commerce:
First Baptist Church organized
First public school opened

Greenville:
April 7 - Worst fire in Greenville history - 13 died in Ende Hotel fire
First National Bank chartered by Thomas H. King
Bourland-Stevens-Samuel House erected, parts of house date to 1854 (RTHL)

1884
August 17 - Fire destroyed Hunt County Courthouse and most of Greenville business district

Greenville:
Size of city increased to two square miles
New Hope Baptist Church founded

1885
6th Hunt County Courthouse built, almost an exact replica of the 5th
Fourth Sunday Singing thought to be established by Scatterbranch Church members

Commerce:
City incorporated

Greenville:
General Hal C. Horton House erected (RTHL), first two-story brick house in the city built by Will N. Harrison

1886
Greenville:
Germany House built (RTHL)

Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Call (later Lone Oak News) established

Wolfe City:
Named changed from Wolfe's Mill
Town platted
Santa Fe Railroad arrived

1887
Celeste:
Town founded
First Baptist Church organized

Commerce:
St. Louis & Southwestern (Cotton Belt) Railroad reached Commerce

Greenville:
First streetcars (pulled by mules) began service
First cotton compress erected
Greenville National Exchange Bank chartered

Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Christian Church founded

Wolfe City:
Cotton Belt Railroad arrived

1888
Commerce:
First Presbyterian Church organized

Greenville:
First horse drawn fire engines introduced
Electric powered streetcars put into service

1889
Greenville:
June 27 - Water Works Celebration tested water pressure in new system
September 16 - Greenville Public Water Works turned on

1890
Humboldt Cemetery established 9 miles north of Greenville

Greenville:
US Census showed 8,000 residents
First King Opera House opened
May 14 - Franchise granted for sewage company

Lone Oak:
November 26 - City incorporated

1891
Greenville:
March 4 - Production began at electric power plant, first municipally owned power plant in Texas
March 21 - King Opera House opened
May 7 - Chautauqua Circle organized

1892
Campbell:
Henry College established

Greenville:
Fifth Regiment Band organized first National Guard Unit
St. Mary's Catholic Church founded, congregation became St. William's Catholic Church

Quinlan:
Town founded as stop on Texas Midland Railroad (originally known as Roberts)

Wolfe City:
Wolfe City Sun newspaper founded

1893
Commerce:
Missionary Baptist Church opened

Greenville:
Attempted robbery at First National Bank
First flourmill opened - J. B. Lamm & Co.

1894
Commerce:
East Texas Normal College moved to Commerce from Cooper
Texas Midland Railroad reached the city

Greenville:
Greenville Messenger began publication as weekly newspaper
Tuesday Music Club formed
King Opera House burned

Quinlan:
Town of Roberts railroad station removed

1895
Actor John Love Boles born in Greenville, played Shirley Temple's movie father, starred on Broadway in "One Touch of Venus" with Mry Martin

Greenville:
Second King Opera House built
Woman's Review Club founded
February 9 - Burleson College founded
August 31- city voted dry

Quinlan:
Town of Roberts destroyed by fire

1896
April 21 - Hunt County News Beauty Contest won by Miss Louise Northup. Ugly man contest won by Jim
Brown
U.S. Ambassador Fletcher Warren born in Wolfe City

Greenville:
Kavanaugh Methodist Church founded
June Katy passenger depot completed (National Register)

Quinlan:
Town incorporated

1898
First Hunt County fair held at site of present day Greenville YMCA

Greenville:
First high school graduating class
Entre Nous - Greenville's first social club organized
Greenville Cotton Compress built
Free mail delivery began

1899
Greenville:
April 1 - Holiness College founded in Peniel

1900
Greenville:
Small circulating library started by Women's Review Club in corner of Lasater Furniture Store (southwest corner of Lee & Wesley Streets)
November 17 - Greenville Bottling and Manufacturing Company founded, became Coca-Cola Bottling Company

1901
Greenville:
September 15- Locally owned Home Telephone Co. began service

1902
April 17 - Mrs. Lallie P. Briscoe appointed County Clerk, becoming first woman to hold public office in Texas

Greenville:
Circulating library moved to second floor of Woodman Hall (northwest corner of Stonewall & Pickett Streets)

1903
Campbell:
Henry College renamed Emerson College

Commerce:
City voted dry

1904
Campbell:
Caney Cemetery established

Greenville:
Commercial National Bank chartered
Carnegie Library founded
February 15 -Carnegie Library opened with 1,100 volumes on the site of present Chamber of Commerce building

1905
Johnson Street Church of Christ founded.

1906
Greenville:
March 23 -Ordinance to pave sections of Lee, Stonewall, Johnson and Washington Streets passed
May 24 - Lee Street from Katy Depot to Courthouse paved

1909
Greenville:
Municipal Power Plant built
November 12 - Greenville Booster Club founded, forerunner of Chamber of Commerce

1910
Greenville:
Greenville Post Office built on Lee St. (National Register)
October 3 - First spike driven in Greenville Electric Street Railway line
US Census population at 10,500

1911
Greenville:
Electric Street Railway began service, fare was 5¢

1912
Greenville:
Wesley College opened
September 30 - Greenville Cotton Compress set a record for one day's work: 2,073 bales cotton compressed and loaded in a 10 hour day

1914
Greenville:
November 16 - "A Heart of the Hills" shown at Colonial Theater - first amateur movie made here - had all Greenville cast
Camp House built (RTHL)

1915
Ground-breaking ceremony for first hard-surfaced roads in Hunt County

Greenville:
GHS Lions won track title
First Presbyterian Church built on the corner of Wesley & Jordan Sts.
June 15 - First Natatorium opened in Forest Park

1916
Greenville:
Horse drawn fire trucks replaced by mechanized units
September 18 - Greenville Country Club opened

1917
Commerce:
East Texas Normal College became East Texas State University

Greenville:
January 1 - South Western Telephone Co. and Home Telephone Co. merge to form locally owned Greenville Telephone Company

1918
Commerce:
Georgian Revival post office building opened (RTHL)

Greenville:
December 18 - Last streetcar run

1919
Commerce:
Bruce Williams American Legion Post #1 established

1920
Greenville:
Citizens National Bank opened

1924
Boles Home founded by Mr. & Mrs. W. F. Boles

Greenville:
September 22- Greenville High School opened on Wesley Street at present Post Office site
October 6 - Natural gas service began at 2:30 p.m.
Present Johnson Street Church of Christ began construction

1925

Greenville:
March 20 - Diamond Jubilee Celebration complete with three mile parade

1926
Greenville:
Gas lines laid in the city

1929

April 11 - 7th (present) Hunt County Courthouse dedicated (RTHL, National Register)

Commerce:
ETSU President's House built (RTHL)

Greenville:
July 23 - Municipal Natatorium opened

1930
Greenville:
December 5 - Burleson College closed

1932
Greenville resident Edgar Ablowich won Olympic Gold Medal in 1600 meter relay

Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Assembly of God Church founded

1933
Greenville:
Coach Henry Frnka's GHS football team won state championship

1934
Greenville:
GHS graduate George W. Maddox named All-American football player from Kansas State University
Gussie Nell Davis organized GHS Flaming Flashes
March 21 - King Opera House final performance after 43 years

1938
Greenville:
March 30 - Streetcar tracks removed and sold to Houston salvage company

1939
Greenville:
Municipal Building completed
October 26 - Municipal Building Auditorium opened with a concert by Mack Harrell

1940
Lone Oak:
Lone Oak Church of Christ founded

1942
January 5 - Truett Majors became Hunt County's first World War II casualty

Greenville:
June 24 - Eighteen year old Audie Murphy enlisted in the US Army at Old Post Office

1943
Greenville:
January 5 - Majors Army Airfield opened for pilot training

1946
Greenville resident Monty Stratton awarded "Most Courageous Athlete of the Year

Peniel:
January 4 - A tornado ripped through Peniel damaging homes & businesses

1947
Greenville resident Reecy Davis won Texas Middle Weight Championship

1948
Greenville resident Reecy Davis won Southern Middle Weight Championship

Greenville:
September 27 - Harry S. Truman made a campaign speech at Katy Depot

1949
Greenville:
Greenville Majors baseball team beat the New York Yankees in an exhibition game at Majors Stadium in downtown
April 19 - Greenville Independent School District created
July 23 - Heaviest rainfall on record - 8 inches in four hours

1950
Greenville:
Dial telephones introduced in Greenville
Greenville Centennial celebrated

1951
Greenville:
Temco (later LTV, E-Systems, Raytheon) located at Majors Field

1954
Greenville:
Greenville Public Library moved into new building at 3716 Lee St.

1956
Greenville:
Greenville Herald and Greenville Banner merged to form Greenville Herald Banner

1960
Lake Tawakoni impounded
Commerce:
US Census counted 5,789

1965
Neylandville:
St. Paul School became part of Commerce ISD

1969
Greenville:
August 8 - Construction began on Citizens General Hospital, now Presbyterian Hospital of Greenville

Lone Oak:
August 28 - Lone Oak State Bank chartered

1970
Commerce:
US Census count: 9,335

Lone Oak:
US Census count: 530

Wolfe City:
US Census count: 1,445

1971
Greenville:
Citizens General Hospital opened

1972
Commerce:
Commerce Public Library opened in old Post Office building

1975
GHS graduate Mike Thomas name Rookie of the Year with Washington Redskins

Lone Oak:
Community Evangelical Methodist Church organized

1976
Greenville:
Greenville Public Library renamed W. Walworth Harrison Public Library, honoring local historian and civic leader

1981
Hunt Memorial Hospital District established

Greenville:
Present Greenville High School opened

1987
Greenville:
First Follies production

1993
Hunt Memorial Hospital District affiliated with Presbyterian Healthcare System

Greenville:
Peace Garden completed
July 3 - City swimming pool opened in Ja-Lu Municipal Park

1995
Greenville:
April named Tree City USA

1996
Hunt County Sesquicentennial
Newly renovated Hunt County Courthouse rededicated
Hunt County Historical Commission recreates "living statuary" of 1929 dedication for sesquicentennial celebration

Commerce:
East Texas State University joins A & M System as Texas A & M University-Commerce

Greenville:
W. Walworth Harrison Public Library moved to new building in Ja-Lu Municipal Park

1998
Greenville:
October - Scenes in the Academy Award-winning film Boys Don't Cry filmed in Greenville with local residents appearing as extras

2000
Greenville:
City celebrates Sesquicentennial
Aunt Char's Kid Zone Playground built with volunteer labor

2003
Greenville:
Greenville Exchange Building renovation complete; opens as office building for government agencies
Commerce:
Heritage House on Texas A & M-Commerce campus named to National Register of Historic Places

2004
Greenville:
January - Greenville Exchange Building renamed Paul Mathews Exchange Building for former bank president on the occasion of Mathews 100th birthday
W.Walworth Harrison Public Library celebrates library centennial

2008
Greenville:
May - Presbyterian Hospital of Greenville West Wing opened

September - Hunt Memorial Hospital Distric announced affiliation with Baylor Healthcare and new name:Hunt Regional Healthcare

 

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Copyright 2001-
Hunt County Historical Commission
Carol Taylor, Chair
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